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All About Septic

Septic Tanks

Your septic tank is one of the lifelines of your home. This tank is built of concrete, fiberglass, PVC, or plastic, through which  sewage flows for treatment. This process will break down the solid waste and are used in areas that are not connected to a city or town sewer system. Your home in Citrus County and surrounding areas will most likely need a septic tank. 

Septic tanks are usually between 1,000 and 2,000 gallons. A wastewater pipe will allow sewage to flow from your home or facility to a septic drain field. Specialized pipes are used to allow waste to enter and exit without disturbing the surface.

Newer septic tanks usually have two separate chambers. Each chamber comes equipped with a manhole cover and are separated by a dividing will with an opening in the middle. Ensure your new septic tank is utilizing the latest in drain technology.

Septic Drain Field

What does the term “septic” mean? Septic refers to the environment that develops in the tank where your home waste decomposes. Once this waste has been treated within the tank, the remaining liquid is dispersed through pipes that are part of the drain field.

Maintaining & Emptying Your Septic Tank

Although most of the waste naturally disposes. The waste that does not decompose must eventually be removed from the septic tank.

Otherwise the septic tank fills up and undecomposed sewage leaks directly to the drainage field. Not only is this detrimental for the environment but it may clog the leach field piping, requiring expensive repairs.

A septic tank is emptied by a pump on a vacuum truck with a tank. The frequency that the septic tank must be emptied depends on the volume of the tank, the temperature, and the amount the septic system is used.

For example, an older system with an undersize tank that is being used by a large family will require much more frequent pumping than a new system used by only a few people. One other benefit of getting your septic tank pumped frequently is that your tank will rapidly become more efficient when it is pumped.

How does your septic tank work?

Wastewater enters the first chamber of the tank, allowing solids to settle and liquid to float. The settled solids naturally break down which reduces the volume of solid waste over time. The liquid component moves to the second chamber, where further settlement takes place. The excess liquid, now in a relatively clear condition, then drains into the septic drain field.

The remaining sewage is trapped and eliminated in the soil, through evaporation, and/or by uptake through the root system of plants. This is why the grass is often greener over a septic system and drain field.